Struggling with setting limits with a baby? Encourage her curiosity while establishing boundaries to keep her safe as she begins to explore.
My baby—once so small he felt like a swaddled blob over my shoulder—is now all over the place. At 10 months old, he’s crawling everywhere, giving me a heart attack with each turn. He pulls himself up on shelves and curtains. He wants to keep playing instead of sleep.
How can parents set limits with our now mobile baby—and should we?
I’m not a fan of discipline in the typical sense. Things like time outs, counting to three, slapping the hand. Discipline is teaching our kids how to behave, not a power struggle or a plan to isolate our kids. It’s acknowledging her intentions, showing empathy, and guiding her to more appropriate behavior.
But first, let’s dig into why babies do that to begin with. Children—especially babies—are curious about their world. We take for granted how much we know that our kids still don’t. They’re built to test theories and push boundaries to better understand their surroundings. A 10-month-old knocking down a pile of books loves what she just made happen. She’s not thinking about the mess she made or that you prefer a pile of books on the table instead of on the floor.
She’s doing what babies do. She’s curious, not naughty.
Setting limits with a baby
Still, we need to establish boundaries to keep them safe. We can’t let them grab the sharp pencil or stay up all hours of the night. We also want them to take care of themselves, others and certain belongings. So we set limits while honoring their intentions, needs and development.
1. Give your baby freedom within confines
It’s a drag telling your kids “no” all day long. Instead of catching them in the act of doing something wrong, prevent them from doing so in the first place.
Give your baby the freedom to explore within a safe space. One of the easiest ways to do this is through baby proofing your home (or even a section of your home). Rather than telling my kids not to open kitchen cabinets, I placed locks so they couldn’t open them at all. I set breakables, valuables or dangerous items out of reach.
Another way to let her explore in a safe space is by giving her things she’s allowed to play with. If she’s adamant about throwing things around the house, hand her soft toys and balls instead. You’re creating an environment for her to explore without telling her to stop or not do something.
2. Redirect her to another activity
Redirecting your baby to a more appropriate activity is a fantastic way to keep her out of trouble. And unlike distraction, you’re still honoring her intentions and showing empathy. If you have a chance, use redirection to set limits.
So, how does redirecting a baby look? Let’s imagine your baby got a hold of your books and is turning and crinkling the pages with glee. Redirect by acknowledging her intentions: “You’re curious about these books.” Then, steer her towards something more appropriate: “Those are mama’s books, though. Here, you can play with your soft books or this wrapping paper.”
That way, you’re not stifling her curiosity, just channeling it towards an acceptable way.
3. Communicate clearly
How you communicate with your baby makes a huge difference whether she follow through or not. Keep your reactions minimal. For one thing, you don’t want to scare or startle her into thinking she’s a bad person. And second, she’ll wonder how and why she managed to get a reaction from you.
Reserve your stern reactions for safety-related issues, and even then, maintain a loving demeanor. She’s wired to explore and needs you to guide her to what’s allowed and not. Keep your sentences short, firm and low, but don’t take it so far as to shaming her.
4. Make sure her needs are met
One of the ways you can prevent your baby from having a meltdown is to make sure you meet her needs. When she fusses and tests your boundaries, ask yourself:
- Is she hungry?
- Is she tired?
- Is her diaper dirty?
- Does she need attention?
A clean and well-rested baby is more likely to listen than if she were tired and needing your attention.
5. Be consistent between both parents
You and your partner will have different thresholds for what’s allowed or not. One parent might be okay with giving the pacifier during the day while the other wants it only at night. One allows the baby to play with an old cell phone while the other prefers that she doesn’t.
Once you notice a discrepancy, decide right away what to do moving forward. Nothing confuses a child more than inconsistent rules between parents. So when one parent takes away the cell phone, she throws a fit because the other one allowed her to have it.
6. Be choosy with what’s off limits
My twins just turned three-years-old, long past that late baby and early toddler stage. But just today, one of them stood on a toy. When I saw his feet stepping on the toy, my first reaction was to say, “Don’t step on that.”
But I held back and asked myself if it’s that bad. Yes, the toy wasn’t made for standing. But him standing on it wasn’t going to break it. It wasn’t dangerous, disrespectful or hurtful to others.
So I let it go.
Any time we discipline our kids, pause before you react. Ask yourself:
- Is it dangerous?
- Is it setting a bad example or precedent?
- Is it disrespectful to others?
- Is it not taking care of items or ourselves?
And if the answer is no, it’s worth holding back and letting it go.
By now, you learned that punishment tactics don’t work with setting limits with a baby. Instead, build a stronger connection with your child with patience and guidance. It’s normal for kids that age to test boundaries.
Understanding why, empathizing and redirecting are more effective when you need to set limits.
Get more tips about your growing baby:
- How to Discipline a Child: The Ultimate List of Resources
- THIS Is Why Your Child Is Testing You
- What to Do when You Tell Your Kids No Too Often
- The Difference between Distraction and Redirection
- Parenting Your Strong Willed Child
Want a way to track the solid food you offer your baby? Download my FREE Baby Food Diary printable below! You can record the date, food, reactions and the number of times your baby tried it:
Tell me in the comments: What’s one way your child tested your boundaries when they were in the late infant and early toddler stage? What is your biggest struggle with setting limits with a baby?