Surprised that your 1 year old is already throwing tantrums? Discover effective tips to deal with 1 year old tantrums (it’s different from older kids!).
This can’t be right, I thought.
I was expecting tantrums much later, during the Terrible Twos everyone talks about.
Except here I was with my son, who wasn’t even a year old yet, when I first saw glimpses of a tantrum.
I was already struggling with the busyness of motherhood. It also wasn’t exactly easy communicating with my son, who at that point had limited words to express himself.
And to be honest, I was caught off guard—I wasn’t prepared to deal with behavior issues this young. I felt pushed to my limits, my patience tested in new ways.
How to deal with 1 year old tantrums
It’s never easy dealing with 1 year old tantrums and hitting. Your child might stomp his feet, throw his head back, and shriek the whole time. You see his frustration as he tries to communicate but can’t express himself or understand yout.
The fussiness he had as a baby has morphed into screeching on his tummy, turning red in the face, kicking and flailing his limbs… in other words, a full-blown fit.
Rest assured you’re not alone. Although tantrums seem to be popular among 2 year olds, they can still happen at various ages. One year olds in particular are overwhelmed by their new emotions and frustrated with their limitations.
They’re also too young to understand concepts that seem simple to us, such as why they can’t pull all the books from the shelf or throw spaghetti on the floor.
Although my son’s tantrums caught me off guard, I learned valuable lessons on how to handle them moving forward. These tips—unlike those for older kids—take into account your child’s young age. I also share tools to prevent and handle them when they happen.
Because the truth is, it’s difficult to discipline a 1 year old throwing a tantrum compared to an older child. Still, it’s possible… here’s how:
1. Focus on calming your 1 year old down
When your 1 year old throws a tantrum, it’s easy to launch into “discipline mode.” Maybe you dive straight into why he can’t do this or that, or try to explain the “teachable moments” he can learn from the experience. Sometimes you might even lose your temper and raise your voice.
Thing is, tantrums are no time to discipline and teach. When your child is flailing his arms and screeching his head off, the last thing he’s able to do is listen, much less learn from the moment.
Calm him down first. Save the lessons and consequences for later, and instead get him to a calm state. You could sit him on your lap, hold him in a tight hug, reassure him with calming words, or rock him side to side. Show empathy for what he’s frustrated about.
During a tantrum, he can’t listen to logical words you’re saying. Use this opportunity to reassure him you’re still here, that he’s safe, and that you understand.
Calming him down also has more two benefits: first, you’re modeling for your child how to calm down so that he can take his cues from you. And second, reassuring him prevents you from flying off the handle and making hasty decisions you might regret.
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“I often get upset when my little boy (almost 1) cries. He gets very upset and is quite sensitive, but instead of trying to “fix” things for him or give him his dummy, I just sat with him, rocked him and hugged him, and he was ok. It took longer than how I was doing it before, but it was actually a nice bonding experience as I felt I was comforting and helping him through the things bothering him. Thanks for the advice.” -Gemma P.
2. Don’t give in to unreasonable demands
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Dealing with 1 year old tantrums seem to have a quick fix: give your child what he wants so he’ll stop crying about it.
In some cases, this is true: he might be hungry and need a quick snack, or he wants his special lovey and will quiet down once he has it in his hands.
But 1 year old tantrums don’t go away even after obliging your child’s requests. In fact, he might throw another fit about something else, or even reject the snack or lovey he had earlier been so adamant about.
I thought if I gave my son what he asked for, that would do the trick. Instead, if it wasn’t one thing, it was something else—he always had a reason to throw a fit.
I then learned that it’s useless to continue giving in to his unreasonable demands. And unreasonable they were—at one point, he was in tears because I wouldn’t let him knock down a lamp.
Instead of obliging your child, focus on what we mentioned above: calming him down, showing empathy and, at the end of the day, keeping him safe. Giving in to requests only sets you off on an endless cycle that will never make him happy.
3. Meet your 1 year old’s basic needs
Sometimes we think our 1 year olds are being dramatic. We might even chuckle or shake our heads at some of the reasons they’re throwing a fit.
But other times, your child may have a valid reason for his tantrums. He’s been overlooked so much that he explodes in a rage, or feels overcome with intense emotions that are difficult to quiet.
Dig deep and ask yourself why your child is behaving this way, and based on your guesses and assumptions, respond appropriately. By meeting his needs, you can help lower the intensity of his tantrum. For instance, is he…
- Overstimulated? The environment can overstimulate one year olds compared to older kids. Could the sights and sounds be too much for your child? Is he getting overwhelmed with all the people at the family party? If so, carry him to a different, quieter part—a simple change in environment can be all he needs to calm down.
- Hungry? Everyone gets cranky when they’re hungry, and 1 year olds are no exception. Think back to the last time he ate. Has it been a while? If so, offer a snack or milk to ease his hunger.
- Sleepy and tired? Being kept awake far too long can take a toll on your child. While it’s unlikely he’ll go straight to sleep in the middle of a tantrum, you can still help him rest and keep activities to a minimum. See if he’ll lay on you for a quick nap, especially away from the hustle of a busy environment.
4. Talk about your 1 year old’s feelings at his level
Unlike you and I, kids—young ones especially—have no idea what emotions are, why they exist, or if they’ll go away. You can imagine how overwhelming emotions can feel, without any reassurance that they’re normal.
This is when labeling feelings and describing your child’s experiences comes in handy. Yep, even for 1 year olds.
Imagine coming down with an ailment, something you’ve never experienced, so you go to your doctor to get it checked out. If your doctor says, “Ah yes, that’s called such and such, and it’s pretty common among people your age. Here’s the treatment,” you breathe a sigh of relief.
But if your doctor says, “Hmm, I haven’t seen this. Let me ask my colleagues to see what they think and dig up more research for you,” you come home not quite so reassured.
Using words gives your child that reassurance, so he knows this feeling is not only normal, but experienced by everyone else and that it goes away. Labeling also adds another benefit: you’re teaching him the words he can learn and use down the line.
After all, one of the biggest triggers for 1 year old tantrums is the inability for kids to express themselves. They might have separation anxiety or feel frustrated they can’t solve a puzzle. Imagine how many tantrums you can avoid if your child is able to say “mad” or “sad.”
Given his young age, it’s also best to use simple words. You don’t have to “dumb down” your words, but when it comes to giving your child key words to use, stick to simple ones he can use. “Sad” is much easier to say than “disappointed.” You can use both, but emphasize easy words as well.
5. Work together on finding a solution
It’s tempting to ignore or brush aside our kids’ tantrums, especially over what seems like the silliest reasons to us. While you don’t have to entertain unreasonable demands, sometimes your child is communicating a genuine need.
But rather than dismiss his frustrations, explain to your child your own limitations. We forget how difficult it can be for young children to communicate, or the role we play in their tantrums.
One of the best ways to reassure your child is to admit you’re having a hard time understanding the problem. You might say, “I’m so sorry I can’t understand what it is you’re trying to tell me.”
Acknowledging your own limitations forces you to work together to find the solution he feels so angry about. Work with him to see what he’s trying to say. For instance, “Can you point to what you want?” or “Do you want the ball you were playing with?”
Even if you can’t figure out what he’s saying, you’re at least trying to see things from his perspective. You’re also likely to be more patient when you can see how difficult it is for him to communicate.
How to prevent 1 year old tantrums
Tantrums are difficult for everyone, most of all our kids. After all, they’re dealing with overwhelming emotions, can’t communicate as well as they’d like, and finding it difficult to calm down.
Thankfully, you can do plenty of things not ea to handle tantrums, but to prevent them in the first place.
Now, we can’t erase tantrums completely from our lives, but we can reduce the intensity or frequency when they do happen. Take a look at this video where I share how to do just that:
- Make transitions easier. Tantrums often happen because your child struggles with stopping one activity in place of another. Give him plenty of time to do the first activity as well as lots of “warnings” that you’re about to shift into a new one. And highlight the benefits of the new activity—your body language and tone of voice can get him excited for the change. Read more about transitions here.
- Have a predictable routine. Kids thrive on schedules and predictability. Make your key “pillars” of the day (eating, sleeping, playing) regular. Do them at the same times and in the same order so your child knows what to expect next and will be less likely to resist.
- Offer age-appropriate toys and activities. My son threw a fit because he couldn’t figure out a toy that was more suited for his older brother. As much as we should challenge kids, some toys and activities are more likely to get them frustrated.
- Encourage communication. The more words your child uses, the less frustrated he’ll feel. Even if he can’t say many words right now, encourage simple communication such as pointing. Don’t disregard his grunts and sounds, especially since that’s how he can communicate for now.
For many parents, the shock of seeing intense emotions at such a young age can come as a surprise. You’re not ready to tackle behavior issues, or you don’t know how to respond when they happen. Perhaps 1 year old tantrums make you feel afraid at the lack of control you have over your child.
One thing is for sure, though: we can’t always respond to 1 year olds the same way we can with older kids. Thankfully you now have a few tips to help your child cope with his tantrums.
Describe what’s happening, not only to show empathy, but to give your child the words he can use down the line. Acknowledge your own difficulty in understanding what he’s saying so you’re more likely to be patient and find a solution.
Focus on calming him down, especially since he can’t understand or learn any lessons in the middle of a tantrum. Meet his immediate and basic needs, such as moving to a quieter room if he’s overstimulated.
At the same time, don’t give in to unreasonable demands—if nothing makes him happy, it’s unlikely anything else he asks for will. And finally, learn how to prevent tantrums in the first place so they happen less frequently or intensely.
Unfortunately, tantrums happen at any age, but at least now you have the tools to deal with them, even when they come earlier than expected.
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